India, with 150 million drivers and more than 253 million vehicles in 2017, is facing many challenges related to road security, pollution and administrative burden, to name a few.
Two new secure documents
Several Indian states are already rolling-out new secure documents, with the same dimensions as a credit card, so-called electronic driving licence and electronic registration certificate cards, to tackle these problems.
- The electronic driver's license incorporates a microprocessor that securely stores the driver’s data, protecting citizens against identity theft. Besides, it contains information on the driver’s history which is expected to contribute to a reduction in car accidents.
- Similarly, statutory data about the vehicle, its registration, its owner, vehicle insurance and pollution control certification is stored in the microprocessor embedded in the electronic registration certificate card.
Electronic driving licence to improve security and efficiency
India introduced a smart card-based driving license program, based on the Smart Card Operating System Standard for Transport Application initially developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) ( राष्ट्रीय सूचना विज्ञान केंद्र ) part of the Indian Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
The solution automates business processes at decentralised regional transport offices and state-level transport registers.
This architecture enables the Indian government to consolidate driver and vehicle registration information across the population in a central repository, improving the administrative efficiency of the transport authority and other government departments.
- Ensure national interoperability of a tamper-proof ID document
- Cost savings from reduced time of administrative processing
- Improve tax collection through efficient fines, registration fees and tax management.
Using electronic driving license cards speeds up the transition to paperless, electronic procedures and data exchanges, which act as formidable catalysts for the modernisation of systems.
The new electronic driving licences rely on robust technology that meets the challenges presented by fraud, abuse and errors and with the country’s rapid growth, there is an increasing need for expansion of this solution to more states in India.
Thales announced that it had surpassed the twenty-five million mark for electronic driver’s licenses and electronic registration certificates for vehicles delivered to India.
The program is expected to be the world’s largest of its kind.
Driving licence and registration in digital format
The Union Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has removed the obligation to carry hard copies of documents like driving licence, vehicle registration certificate, insurance, permit, etc.
As of September 2019, under the new rules, drivers can carry all such documents digitally on their smartphones using apps like mParivahan and Digilocker, both available from Google Playstore or iOS App Store.
Motorists can save all their documents in e-form and show them to the traffic police when requested.
The Road Transport Ministry made it clear however that if documents are not stored on mParivahan or DigiLocker, then they will not be treated as legally recognised at par with the original documents. (source: The Economic Times of 20 Sept 2019).
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