When enrolling in university, there is a clear female prevalence, with 55% against 45% of males; however, these differentiating percentages increase depending on the chosen branch.
In Sciences we see near-equality, with 49.3% of women, but there is a clear female tendency towards Health Sciences, with 70.4% enrolled, in contrast to the Engineering and Architecture branch, with 77% male presence according to data released by the Ministry of Education.
These interests in their education translate into surprising statistics if we look at the data provided by the Institute for Women, according to which less than 32% of students in technical degrees are women. The studies with the lowest female percentage are marine engineering, and among those with the highest number of female pupils is chemical engineering.
In the field of employment we are touching the proportion of equality. The total figure in registered employment according to job dependence and sex, by sector and division of activity, was 17,600,000 in 2016, of which 8,141,000 were women, 46.26%. However, this equality disappears depending on the branch of activity. According to the Institute for Women, in 2016 less than 30% of jobs in the high-tech and medium-tech sector was taken up by women. That same year, only 39% of researchers in R&D were women.
For this situation to change, we have to work on the foundations of society. The president of the Spanish Federation of Women Managers, Executives, Professionals and Entrepreneurs (FEDEPE), Ana Bujaldón, says that children have to be educated without stereotypes. She adds that companies’ equality plans are a great tool for harnessing female talent.
As we said at the start, bringing women into the working world will bring important benefits to society.
Driving forward equal opportunity favours business productivity and competitiveness