Identification and accountability
for better road safety
The driver's license is a document with multiple uses – from giving its holder the right to drive certain vehicles to serve as a primary identity document, particularly in countries that do not have a national identity card program.
With such important uses, ensuring the security of a driver’s license document is vital.
To this end, international standards such as ISO/IEC 18013, the current version published in 2018, have been developed to outline the framework for a secure, credit card-format document.
The standard stipulates the use of visual security elements comparable to those used on identity cards and passports.
It also lays down a standardized structure for the initial data set (IS0 18013-1).
The material used for driver license cards can bring another layer of security.
Europe has adopted polycarbonate, a durable medium, which is hard to counterfeit.
This solution is also becoming highly preferable around the world.
In North America alone, several jurisdictions are currently using these high-tech polycarbonate cards, including Alaska, Colorado, District of Columbia, Georgia, Maryland, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Texas, and Wyoming.
Two of these cards have even been recognized with a prestigious Élan Award of Excellence for Best Secure Access ID Card– Maryland in 2017 and Wyoming in 2020.
What makes polycarbonate so exceptional?
Polycarbonate cards are made from multiple layers laminated under heat and pressure without using adhesives or being mixed with other plastics.
These intertwined polycarbonate layers provide a non-delaminable property, making it virtually impossible to swap document information or photos without destroying the document.
Polycarbonate is actually the same material used to make bulletproof glass, and you can hear the difference: polycarbonate driver's licenses are so rigid they sound like a compact disc when dropped.
Multiple leading-edge security features can be incorporated with polycarbonate, including high-quality laser-engraved photographs embedded into the card structure rather than more easily modified surface printing techniques.
A wide range of cards, solutions, and services
Thales offers a wide range of cards, from secure chipless cards to high-security cards with contact and contactless interfaces, as well as comprehensive solutions for driver management and registration, the issuance, and checking of documents, in addition to managed services for the issuing of licenses on behalf of Governments, as in Norway.
With its expertise in polycarbonate and innovative security features, Thales is proud to contribute to the new Irish, Dutch, Greek, Finnish, Swedish, Senegal, Kenyan, and UK driver's license initiatives.
Several countries have already opted for credit cards and smart cards for their driving license programs by selecting Thales as their partner.
India, Australia, El Salvador, and Mexico are just some of Thales' customers in this area.
Enhanced Driver's Licenses
Enhanced Driver's Licenses or EDLs are driving licenses and identity cards with an embedded RFID chip issued by some US states and Canadian provinces to facilitate and speed up entering the United States by land and sea from neighboring countries.
They provide proof of identity and citizenship and are issued after a secure registration process.
Border inspection booths equipped with contactless terminals can read the unique identifying number of an EDL over a distance of up to 10 meters.
Officers can efficiently perform a background verification of the cardholder approaching the checkpoint even before being shown the physical card for a visual inspection.
Marquis ID Systems (MIDS), a Thales company based in Fort Wayne (Indiana), has developed solutions for enhanced driver's licenses from secure enrollment to the issuance and document verification for Departments of Motor Vehicles.
Digital Driver's License
Today, many government agencies in charge of driver licensing and identity credentials are investigating a digital version of their jurisdiction driver's license, usable through mobile devices for various identification purposes.
These digital driver's licenses, or mobile driver's licenses, bring more convenience to citizens and new, more protected opportunities for transactions that require some form of identification.
Where do we stand here?
Standards are being defined by agencies including the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), along with governments and organizations such as the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA), the Canadian Council of Motor Transport Administration (CCMTA), as well as security/technology businesses including Thales.
These standards go beyond the premise of simply storing a digital image of a driver’s license and incorporate levels of security, validation, and pertinent uses.
With robust security and convenience, it is anticipated that digital driver's licenses can expand rapidly as a companion form of ID to physical driver's licenses.
Thales mobile driver’s license solutions bring technology and implementation models which take into account user-friendliness, the local driver's license schemes and practices (drivers, law enforcement, retail businesses, and other service providers…), and offer the highest level of security in credential storage, data transmission, and verification.
In North America, Marquis ID Systems (MIDS), a Thales Company, developed solutions from secure enrollment to issuance and document verification for Departments of Motor Vehicles.
Gemalto, a Thales Company, was granted by NIST to conduct the first U.S. two-year multi-jurisdictional pilot on mobile driver’s licenses, covering hundreds of pilot participants across four jurisdictions (Colorado, District of Columbia, Maryland, and Wyoming).
This invaluable development and experience has driven our current mobile driver’s license solution and is presently being adopted in the State of Florida for introduction in 2021.
The solution for a mobile driver's license is a highly secure way to deliver, store and manage the lifecycle of driver's license information on a smartphone or other smart mobile devices such as a tablet or wearable devices.
For more than ten years, Thales has contributed to numerous tachograph card projects that now extend to 34 different countries.
This long and broad experience ensures the smooth running of new tachograph projects and the efficient achievement of mandatory certifications and type approvals.
Electronic Vehicle Registration Cards (eVRC)
There is a growing interest in introducing a highly secure electronic registration document to fight fraud, gain savings by dematerializing processes, and bring convenience to government administration, private businesses, and citizens with effective e-Services.
Thales Electronic Vehicle Registration cards offer a flexible approach for electronic vehicle registration cards and related use cases from modules to turn-key projects.
We can offer:
- Versatile IAS electronic application for secure vehicle data storage and eServices with secure polycarbonate or PET/PVC cards
- Flexible end-to-end solution: enrolment, issuance, verification, eGovernment infrastructure
- Managed issuance services to leverage the power of outsourcing.
With Thales Electronic Vehicle Registration cards, you can:
- provide ultimate document security and effectively prevent attempts to modify or change data
- allow secure identification of the owner
- facilitate efficient roadside checks
- track the entire life cycle of new and second-hand cars
- enable more innovative management for taxes, insurances, and fines
Smart driving licenses and vehicle registration examples
El Salvador introduced eVehicle registration card in 1998 to streamline and centralize administrative processes and tighten up security to fight vehicle theft, illegal importation, identity theft, and reduce fraud related to counterfeit documents.
The smart card solution helped to fully automate procedures and processes for government management of vehicle registration, licensing and tax, and fine payments.
It also enhanced safety for the general public. Furthermore, it improved the Tax Administration’s ability to collect fees compared to the previous procedures.
In the first year of the new service, tax evasion was reduced with a 35% annual increase in taxes paid than the previous year. The higher rate of the vehicle circulation tax collection was due to greater control and ease of payment procedures.
India implemented an infrastructure that now offers immediate access to information about drivers and their vehicles to Police and other authorities. The latest development has been a typical layout for eVRC with standard security features for all states (cross-border verification).
In addition to road safety prevention measures that will leverage applications such as "Point-record driving license" and vehicle control history, the Moroccan Ministry of Transport aims to use electronic driver's license and vehicle registration cards to provide citizens with a set of services that touch multiple facets of their daily lives.
Morocco’s eDL and eVRC could gather future public transportation applications, motorways, tolls, insurance, tax payments, etc.
As of 2013, British motorists get the new polycarbonate-based UK driving licence supplied by Thales.
In Australia, a digital driving license solution will be piloted in the Fraser Coast in early 2020 before extending to other regional locations and being available to over 3.7 million drivers in Queensland.
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