Many governments have attempted to introduce safety measures to reduce collisions. The majority of these initiatives tend to focus on enhancing road infrastructure.
Let's jump right in.
Sadly, the human and economic impact of these tragedies is huge.
Europe decided to act. As of 31 March 2018, every new type of car sold in Europe had to be equipped with the 112 eCall system.
E-Call is a pioneering European emergency-call system for vehicles that aims to rapidly assist in road traffic incidents anywhere in the European Union.
eCall sounds simple. And it is.
What makes the eCall system successful?
eCall's success hinges on two key elements:
- An upgraded Europe-wide interoperable Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP) infrastructure
- Installed or embedded Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication devices in all vehicles.
In a serious road incident, the In-Vehicle Equipment (IVE) must be able to automatically dial 112 and reliably communicate incident details over wireless networks.
These details are collectively defined as "the minimum set of data" or MSD and include:
- At the time of the incident,
- Cause of activation,
- GPS coordinates,
- Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
By enabling qualified and equipped paramedics to get to the scene within the crucial first hour of the incident, the eCall system has the potential to:
- Save about 2,500 lives in the EU each year
- Reduce the severity of injuries by 10% to 15%
- Save €26 billion a year
A few years ago, the EU launched its eCall initiative, a pan-European, in-vehicle M2M (machine-to-machine) emergency call system designed to rapidly assist drivers involved in collisions.
An eCall-equipped car automatically dials 112 (the Europe-wide emergency number) in a serious road incident.
It gives emergency operators information about the incident, including GPS coordinates, the time of the incident, and the vehicle identification number.
Decision No 585/2014/EU was published on 3 June 2014.
All new models of cars and light commercial vehicles in the European market come with the eCall system from 31 March 2018 onwards.
100% penetration should be achieved by 2035.
The European Union aims to cut the number of road deaths and serious injuries by 50% between 2020 and 2030.
What is the cost of the ecall system?
Initial concerns about data protection and the potentially prohibitive cost of implementing such a system have proved unfounded.
The IoT technology it uses already exists.
Rolling it out across the EU costs less than €100 (US$110) for each device when fitted in the factory.
This cost is expected to decrease in the future thanks to two factors:
- The trends in electronic components' costs
- The economy of scale
According to the EU mandate, 112 eCalls are free for users.
It is estimated that eCall could help prevent 2,500 road deaths and save €26 billion a year.
What eCall is not
eCall does not allow vehicle tracking outside of emergencies.
The M2M (Machine to Machine) module (the eCall device) is dormant. It is only activated when the vehicle sensors react in a severe crash.
In other words, It is not a tracking system that constantly records the vehicle's position and the driver's moves.
More precisely, the 112-based eCall regulation protects end-user data and privacy.
Following Directive 95/46/EC and Directive 2002/58/EC, vehicles with 112-based eCall systems must be protected against continuous tracking and tracing during normal operations and day-to-day travel.
To meet regulations, digital security technology is embedded in eCall equipment to protect privacy and prevent surveillance and misuse.
What is 112?
112 is the emergency number in all 27 EU member states and many other countries.
You can reach medical assistance, the police, or the fire brigade.
112 is free on the mobile of fixed lines.
Where do we fit in?
To be implemented widely across all EU countries, a project of this magnitude takes unprecedented collaboration across a complex ecosystem of government agencies, automotive manufacturers, and leading ITS and M2M technology companies.
Since its infancy, IoT technology leader Thales has contributed to the eCall Europe initiative.
We provided the expertise to support ETSI/ERTICO interoperability and cross-border testing.
Thales-enabled Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP) reference solutions were used for many field tests, offering outstanding reliability and success.
Our Cinterion Automotive Grade modules, equipment testing, development kits and engineering support contributed to significantly faster deployments.
eCall Demo and Testing
Before the eCall In-Vehicle Equipment (IVE) can be embedded in vehicles, they must be tested for performance and reliability.
Thales and its partner Rohde & Schwarz offer a compact solution for reproducible, end-to-end, functional, and standard-compliant conformance testing of eCall and ERA-Glonass solutions.
Leveraging Thales Cinterion M2M modules and R&S software, a simulated PSAP is established, and a cellular network is emulated within the confines of a lab environment.
The setup allows verification if an eCall solution can trigger an emergency call, send the MSD data, and establish a voice call independent of a voice call.
Network independence is crucial when testing solutions in multiple countries with varying cellular network technologies.
Other road safety initiatives
Thales is proud to contribute to other road safety initiatives, such as our secure digital driving license and the EU and AETR digital tachograph.
Thales is working with Intrado, a leading provider of 9-1-1 technology solutions in the US. Our cloud-based platform translates crucial data and sends alerts to emergency teams to improve response times and outcomes while continuously monitoring developments as they occur.
Discover Thales advanced connected vehicle solutions here.